The new episodes of the podcast are on their way. In the meantime, I invite the readers to check out the blog of my friend and colleague Arash Zeini, now a collective effort of him and several other friends, which is dedicated to introducing the new publications in Iranian Studies. The blog is a great resource and I will use it from here on as a resource for the podcast and for the History Page. Check it out here!
One of the dear readers of this weblog, and listeners to the podcast, suggested that I make a list of the names I so much enjoy pronouncing. I think it is a good idea, except someone has already done it: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_rulers_of_Elam (for the chaps mentioned this week, scroll down to the Neo-Elamite period).
You should notice that pronunciation occasionally vary. Some of the Elamite pronunciations are being perfected. Temti-Human-Inshushinak now seems to be more like Tepti-Humban-Inshushinak (which is the way I say it). Some are better known (if you can say that about anything Elamite) by their Akkadian names. Shutruk-Nahunte is sometimes written Shutruk-nakhunte or Shutruk-Nahhunte. These are attempts at rendering Elamite in English. The sound /h/ in his name is a laryngeal sound which does not exist in English, similar to Arabic ح.
Apart from these Elamites, I mentioned a few Assyrians and some Babylonians. Sargon II, Esarhaddon, Sennacherib, and Ashurbanipal are the Assyrian ones. Merodach-Baladan the Chaldean was really the only “Babylonian” I mentioned.
I will post a similar list from the next episode on.
This episode goes back to the Elamites and their adventures with the Neo-Assyrians, and their murky last century.
This, sort of, is just the beginning. The Indo-European, the Aryan, and the Indo-Iranian languages and terms are such thorny issues, and I cannot even pretend to have answered them all. Hopefully this will set the stage for future discussions, and some questions, comments, and discussions here.
Notice that I tend to spell the word Ariia in order to name the “Indo-Iranians” as they are, and to distinguish it from the Aryan, which is used in a modern, political sense.
Check out the Bibliography for some book and article suggestions…
I owe everyone an apology. I have moved for the year from Europe to North America, and the move proved more overwhelming that I imagined. I had to arrange too many things, teach, and do much writing. I have everything under control now, and will be sticking to a real schedule henceforth.
As for the episode, it is full of weird names, so here is something to orient you (and here is a useful list of all Elamite rulers, real and fictional!):
Kidinu: founder of the first dynasty (Middle Elamite I: Kidinuids)
Tepti-Ahar: the Kidinuid king who founded the site of Haft Tepe (Kabnak) near Susa, where his tomb also is.
Igi-halki: the founder of the second dynasty (Middle Elamite II: the Igihalkids)
Untash-Napirisha: the most important king of the Igihalkids, a maternal grandson of Kurigalzu I of Babylonia (of the Kassite dynasty).
Kidin-Hutran III: the Igilhakid who removed Assyrian puppets from the Babylonian throne.
Tukulti-Nimurta: the Assyrian king who removed the legitimate line of Kassite kings; they were later restored
Shutruk-Nahhunte: the founder and greatest ruler of the Middle Elamite III dynasty, the Shutrukids. He conquered Babylonia and put and end to the rule of the Kassites.
Kutir-Nahhunte: son and successor of Shutruk-Nahhunte
Shilhak-Inshushinak: brother and successor of Kutir-Nahhunte and the last great king of the Shutrukids
Susa: Shusha; the low-land capital of Elam
Anshan/Anzan: the highland capital of Elam
Haft Tepe/Kabnak: site east of Susa; tomb of Tepti-Ahar
Al-Untash-Napirisaha: the archaeological site of Chogha Zanbil, with its impressive Ziggurat; the religious and political centre of the Igilhakids, near Deh-e Now, their home town.
Nebuchadnezzar I: the fourth king of the Babylonian dynasty of the Sealand and the bane of the Shutrukids
Hutelutush-Inshushinak: the last of the Shutrukids; he escaped Nebuchadnezzar and took refuge in Anshan/Anzan; also reliefs at Kul-e Farah in Izeh.
— This is episode three, out after some mishaps… Download/Stream it from here
— I promised a list of terms and names I was using, so here they are.
Chalcolithic = the so-called “copper” age, or the coper-stone period
Elam = The civilisation I talked about the most, and will continue talking about for the next episode
Tepe Sialk = Archaeological site in central-northern part of the plateau
Tepe Hissar= Archaeological site on the northeast of the Iranian Plateau
Shahr-e Sukhte = the Burnt City, site on the east side of the plateau, by the Helmand River
Sargon of Agade = the first king of the Empire of Agade/Akkad (2332 BCE).
Gutians and Lulubians = mountain tribes/confederations to the north of Elam
Jiroft = archaeological side on the central eastern part of the plateau
Naram-Sin= Grandson of Sargon
Ur-Namma (2112-2095) = the founder of the Third Dynasty of Ur
Puzur Inshushinak = contemporary of Ur-Namma, king of Awan, the first Elamite ever mentioned
Shimashki= the dominant city of Elam after 2004 BC
Sukkalmah=the title of the “governor” of Elam under Larsa’s dominance; later the most powerful rulers in the region
Gungunum of Larsa (1932-1906) = the founder of the dynasty of Larsa
And here is a map (note that Malyan is Anshan!)