Episode 12 is out… download it from here, or subscribe to the History of Iran Podcast via your favourite podcast catcher. Here is the feed for it.
… and here are some pictures and maps to help with visualisation. Also, look at this Achaemenid Daric (Achaemenid gold coin) which is very close to the Lydian prototype.
A (bit fanciful) map of the conquests of Cyrus.
A famous vase showing Croesus on his “suicide” pyre…
A Lydian coin… notice that the reverse is just a hollow blank.
View of a part of Pasargadae
Tol-e Takht, the old citadel of Pasargadae
Ruins of one of the palaces in Pasargadae
You can download Episode 11 from here… you can also check out the feed or try your favourite podcast index.
This episode will explain the local (mainly Anshanite) context for the rise of Cyrus, as well as telling a bit about the version of the story of the birth of Cyrus told by Herodotus.
1- Cyrus’ genealogy:
- Cyrus’ name is written as Kurush (II) son of Kambujia (Cambyses I) son of Kurush (I) son of Chish-pish (Tespes).
- He is said to be the son of Mandane (daughter of Astyages of Media) by Herodotus.
2- Here is a useful article on the site of Malyan/Malian (ancient Anshan) and the archaeological excavations of it.
3- Another article on the description of Cyrus as presented in Herodotus’ History.
Map showing the extent of the Achaemenid Empire, with the region of Persis showing in dark green,
Drawing of the archaeological site of Malyan (Anshan)
Arial view of Malyan
This, often presented as “portrait of Cyrus” is nothing but a fanciful drawing, based loosely on…
… this relief at Pasargadae. This is known as the Winged Guardian and is actually a composite image.
Finally we arrive at the tale of Cyrus, what you have all been waiting for. Get the episode from here…
This is the introduction to the history of Cyrus, looking at the world in which he started his career. I go from the Mediterranean to China and back to Mesopotamia, surveying the Eurasian world in 550 BCE or so, as well as making some preliminary remarks about Cyrus himself.
Check out the Bibliography for items added for this subject.
The world in the sixth century BCE (a bit idealistic, but gives you some ideas)
Map of the Neo-Babylonian (Chaldean) Empire
Cylinder of Nabonidus
A gold coin from Lydia